The Measuring the Effects of Catch Shares Project compiled and analyzed data on ecological, economic, social, and governance changes in two U.S. catch share fisheries on the West Coast and in the Northeast. We used a set of scientifically rigorous indicators to report objectively on effects of the catch share programs on fish stocks, fishermen, fishing-related businesses, and local communities.
The purpose of the multi-year project was to make the best available scientific data and analyses readily accessible to everyone with an interest the fisheries and to offer unprecedented ways of exploring and interacting with the fishery data. Now anyone can delve into this scientific information to answer his or her own questions about the catch share programs and to engage in well-informed planning and decision-making.
The Measuring the Effects of Catch Shares Project does not advocate for or against catch shares.
Focusing on Two U.S. Catch Share Programs
The Measuring the Effects of Catch Shares Project focuses on the Northeast Multispecies Sector Program (established 2010) and the West Coast Shorebased Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) Program (established 2011). We selected these two catch share programs because they were established recently in fisheries with high political, economic, and ecological importance. Both were implemented in multispecies groundfish fisheries in which some species or stocks had been declared overfished under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA). However, the two catch share programs differ substantially in their design, making the results of this study especially informative.
Objective Information for Decision-Making
Critics and supporters of catch shares have stated a wide range of beliefs about how they expect catch shares to affect fish stocks, catches, discards, profitability, consolidation of the fishing industry, and other important aspects of the fisheries. Fisheries managers, fishermen, legislators, and other stakeholders want to know if the fisheries are being managed in a way that maintains and enhances the economic, social, and ecological benefits and if the cost of implementing catch shares provides an acceptable return on investment.
We developed a set of indicators that are designed to reveal ecological, economic, social, and governance effects of these two catch share programs. The indicators are intended to answer key questions that people often have about catch share programs. We also analyzed and reported on changes in catch share program design that occur in response to internal objectives or external policy events. In addition, we analyzed and provided interactive charts of annual catch limits (ACLs) in the Northeast and in the West Coast programs, as the determination of ACLs can be affected indirectly by implementation of catch shares.
Easily Accessible Information for All Interested Parties
A top priority of the project is to communicate the indicator findings in ways that make the information as useful and accessible as possible for decision makers, stakeholders, and the broader public. The project website at catchshareindicators.org provides an online dashboard for fishery managers, fishermen, fishing-related businesspeople, policymakers, legislative staff, journalists, and others interested in the fisheries. Interactive charts and visualizations make it easy for anyone to delve into the best available data and explore changes in the fisheries, datasets can be downloaded for use in other applications, and for each indicator a written analysis highlights key changes and trends.
Goals of the Project
- Provide a set of neutral, scientific indicators that can be used by fisheries managers, fishermen, and other interested parties to determine how groundfish catch shares have affected fishing communities, fishing businesses, and fish stocks of the Northeast and West Coast.
- Develop and conduct scientific methods of data compilation and analysis to track the indicators. Use an inclusive, collaborative, transparent approach that ensures the indicators are salient, credible, and legitimate.
- Communicate the indicators in an objective, accessible fashion so that interested parties can see the effects of catch shares and therefore make informed decisions about the new management systems.
Release of Results
We released results for the West Coast and results for the Northeast on a rolling basis as data became available for each fishing year. In late 2019 or early 2020, we will release the project’s final results for both catch share programs.
Funding Source for the Project
The Measuring the Effects of Catch Shares project is funded through a multi-year grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation’s Marine Conservation Initiative, which supports healthy ocean ecosystems that can sustain food, jobs, and recreation over the long term. The Foundation hopes that this project can provide critical insight into the impacts of these catch share programs and that the findings will be used to make these systems work better for fishermen and the resource on which they depend.
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